My Favourite Things – August edition

So August started with a monstrous, smelly poopy bang. The fan was definitely hit for me. After a couple of really hard months, apparently my reward was a bout of the mumps and cancelling my eagerly awaited, counted-down for trip home. In the grand scheme of things, I was lucky to be insured, have access to medical care and advice and be supported through this, but I am just letting you know it sucked. I was able to come home a few weeks later, and I just had the nicest time, but in the moment, not fun.

You might be asking, how did I get the mumps? So I was vaccinated with MMR as a child, as is standard practice in Australia. However, there’s a few unhelpful catches with this immunisation. In Australia, and other places where rates of immunisation are high, we are protected by something cool called “herd immunity”. We avoid contracting diseases because enough people in the population are immunised, and this works to protect those who cant for whatever reason take the vaccine, e.g. people with low immunity. . However, in a place like Tonga, where few people are vaccinated this is substantially reduced. Combined with the fun fact that this immunisation may reduce in effectiveness over the life cycle, and/or it doesn’t “take” to some people. According to the medical staff who attended me, and backed up by Dr Google, my immunisation simply didn’t stand a chance against the prolonged exposure to the virus (there was an endemic outbreak here in Nuku’alofa).

So basically I spent 10 full days in the house – avoiding unnecessary contact with the outside world, and generally ensuring the message of confinement while contagious was spread to my colleagues and friends. This meant a great deal of reading and TV watching.


Note to Self – 5 Episodes on Climate Change

This series of bite sized episodes on climate change and how technology can assist with fighting for our planet is easily digestible and involves a lot of discussion about whale poop and Mars. Sometimes I wonder why we aren’t getting the message through about the ongoing habits that are causing climate change, and the only thing that I think that will wake people up is slowly chipping away at the barriers to open mindedness by providing information that is digestible, accessible and doesn’t seem to be too challenging. Some days I think the tide is turning, with people focusing on better choices and less consumption and then I see a Hummer, and its like oh nevermind, I’m sure we’ll enjoy year long summers.

War on Waste 

I’ve only listened to a couple of episodes of this ABC podcast but I like it. The hosts Craig Reucassel and Wendy Harmer, are funny, approachable and great interviewers. In  Episode three, I especially liked hearing from Maria, who runs a shoe (and everything) repair shop, who talks about the fix-it generation. Being in Tonga, and the combination of reduced income for my time here and the lack of shopping opportunities has really made me reflect on how I consume clothes and shoes. My bodgy foot has required me in recent years to really focus on buying better shoes, but now I want to ensure I get the absolute last drop out of the clothing and shoes, bags etc that I purchase. I’ve actually written myself a checklist for the purchase of anything now:

  • could the money support something cool/worthy?(Entrepreneurs and good ideas, charities)
  • is it affordable (cost per wear, quality)?
  • have I budgeted for it?
  • is it good quality?
  • what else will i wear with it?
  • how do I feel in it?
  • how is it produced?
  • does it support women?
  • does it support ethical trade?
  • what is the impact on the environment? Is it used? Ethically and environmentally friendly? is it local?
  • is the business transparent about their labour and environmental practices?
  •  what need is it serving and can it be served by what i already have?
  • can I fix it if it breaks?

Listening to Maria made me think of all the times I’ve purchased something cheap for it only to break, die or be so poorly made I hate it the first time I wear it. I’m hoping that being a conscious consumer makes me happier.


You Are the Product, John Lanchester, London Review of Books

Just Wow! Social media is fun, addictive and deeply problematic.

Old article from 2009, about my favourite book series, Anne of Green Gables.

Eleanor Oliphant is Completely Fine Gail Honeyman

Still not sure how I feel about this chilling novel as the protagonists neatly composed life is slowly unravelled after massive childhood trauma. I’ve started reading HanyaYanagihira’s A Little Life and the combination of these two similarly depressing novels is making for hard reading.

The Hidden Life of Trees Peter Wohlleben

Trees! this non-fiction work, which I’m “reading” audibly, is quite a lengthy listen, but fascinating as the author describes the societies of trees.



This series on Netflix, presented by Michael Pollan is just a visually attractive and substantial look at food traditions based across four elements, which connects cooking to human nature. His books have gone onto my crazy out of control to be read list.

For Fun

These Church Signs 


These animals which have zero f***s

Unimpressed Dog Is Unimpressed


  • The company of my friends here and back in Canberra. I’ve managed to surround myself with some amazing humans.
  • Hash browns, sourdough, pad thai and avocados whilst in Canberra
  • Seeing Canberra zoo’s baby giraffe Kebibi

Image result for canberra zoo baby giraffe



  • ordering a set of succulent cupcakes from Cuppalini Cakes on my return to Canberra
  • returning to my comfy bed
  • my trip to Thailand to undergo gender mainstreaming training!

My favourite things, July edition


Refinery 29’s Money Diaries

These glimpses into other women’s worlds are fascinating me – you get an idea of how they arrange their finances, schedules and relationships. I love seeing how so many people contribute to their communities. It would be awesome if there was some greater diversity – it can be a bit too American focused.

The Atlantic – My Family’s Slave by Alex Tizon

So this is from June’s Atlantic, but I’ve got a backlog on my Zinio for Libraries app that is immense (most libraries have a subscription to this AWESOME app, which allows you to download and read magazines on a broad range of topics for free!). This article captured my attention. It is a deeply personal account of a family, of privilege, of inter-generational understanding, of the concept of freedom and hierarchy. I struggle here in Tonga with the rank and power structure, which at times feels oppressive and arbitrary, and reading this account gave me pause to think about the more global  meanings of freedom, choice and position.

The Alice Network by Alice Quinn

Fast paced, two pronged story across the two world wars following female English spies. Wrapped up with shame and difficult to like characters, a fun read.

Truly Madly Guilty by Liane Moriarty

I had resisted reading these books before, because I don’t usually connect with mummy-angst ridden books, but the ability to weave together interesting characters with pithy observations of human behaviour was a real strength.

(other books of the month on my goodreads)


Creative Mornings

Talks led by communities. I wish there was a Canberra based program to join into, but that might just be option into the future. Its like a smaller scale TED.

Apartment Therapy

My current low-key obsession is thinking about interior design. I miss my cosy apartment insanely, and am thinking about ways I would love to design my home into the future. Firepits, moroccan wedding blankets and bird bathrooms?


(Parrots by Albany)


Open Canvas #artwitheart

Melbourne based coop that seeks to empower artists that have experienced adversity. I simply cannot wait to save up and purchase! On instagram too.

Got a Girl Crush

Self-funded, ad free and proudly diverse representation of women in a magazine. They’re kickstarting for their next edition!

Grass Fields

UK and Cameroonian fashion designers that are just bringing phenomenal prints to fashion. I love them coming up on my feed. Its on the to be purchased list!

red African print set


Chat 10 Looks 3

Always. I love you Annabel and Leigh. Cooking, books and pop culture.


Seems that this Australian Broadcasting Corporation podcast investigating the murder of Maria James in Melbourne in the 1980s seems to be on hiatus after its initial four eps. A thorough and well paced investigation by Rachel Brown, crossing into the topical and disturbing allegations into abuse by the Catholic Church, particularly of vulnerable children.


Anne Lamott’s advice

12 Truths about life and writing. Just A+

The Handmaids Tale

 The TV adaption of Margaret Atwood’s novel. Gripping and terrifying, but also truth laden. Atwood based the repression of women on events that had already happened at the time of writing. There’s a pessimistic part of me that thinks that the ongoing stresses on our environment and global governance will result in increasingly extreme forms of government and greater social disruption.  Thanks SBS On Demand for working in Tonga!

Chasing Coral

I completed a strategic review of Australia’s Great Barrier Reef 2050 Plan for my last assignment of my masters, which took me on a wild ride across the science of climate change and the terrifying ecosystem impacts on the world’s coral reefs on all forms of life. This Netflix produced documentary, is much more beautifully presented, but gives you a fishes eye view of what is happening to our reefs around the world. The ongoing mass bleaching events will continue unless we seriously act on climate change.

Obsessed with

Tinned Tuna!

So if you know me personally, you know that the saving to come to Tonga was pretty intense and I had a strict tuna-and-sliced-avo-sandwich budget for all work lunches to remove any temptation for extraneous spending. Fast forward five months and my love affair with tuna has resumed, but because its in short supply here (and YES I could purchase the beautiful locally caught tuna steaks), it feels like a luxury (keeping in mind its about 1.25 times the price of it at home) and I’m in love.


Shout out to my original girl gang for getting on board with a group chat. It means I get to hear from them most days and I know whats going on with them on the regular. Although I can’t be there right now, they are always with me, in my pocket even if being here is often lonely.

Looking forward to

A visit home! Delicious coffee, wankery whipped feta and avocado breakfasts, cuddles, love and hopefully some treats.

Seeing my first whale of the season! Tonga is blessed with one of the most accessible breeding grounds for Humpback Whales


This article originally appeared on the VinaZine (

Look at your phone and check out your messaging apps… who are you texting, calling, and sending funny pictures today? (Go on, I’ll wait, but don’t get stuck on those mesmerizing makeup tutorials again!) Are these the same names that you normally see pop up on your screen? Probably. There’s probably five or so folks you hear from more or less every day, either digitally or in person.

Image result for mindy friendship a tier

Why? Well, according to Robin Dunbar, a professor of evolutionary psychology, there are tiers of friendship (yes, Mindy was right!) expanding in concentric circles outwards from your very closest confidants to acquaintances who you would probably wish a happy birthday on social media or pause to greet if you ran into them on the street. (Here’s a really cool podcast about networks where they interview Dunbar).

The theory goes that as primates developed larger brains, their capacity for connections grew with their brain size, which is why humans can develop complex and relatively large social groups. Dunbar posits that the maximum number of stable relationships a person can have is 150, with five being in the most intimate tier of friends and family, 15 being those you could trust with most things, 50 who you see relatively often and who would score an invite to a big event and the largest would be acquaintances who your connection is relatively more fleeting, who you know, but do not see often or know intimately.

Of course, this theory came about before social media, and apps like hey! Vina. But it’s likely that the pattern remains, and the bulk of your online “friends” belong in this outer tier. Social media makes us feel like we are sharing our experiences like we would in real life, extending the lifecycle of connections that would have otherwise disappeared in previous generations.

Psychology has other insights for us. The study of personality – something that I am fascinated with – seeks to understand the ways in which we create, maintain and sometimes end these relationships. The current dominant theory of personality suggests that there are five traits that co-mingle within us, making us unique. “The Big Five” include extraversion, neuroticism, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness to experience.

Researchers Laakasuo, Rotkirch, Berg, and Jokela recently published a paper on the degree to which these factors influence our friendships. Before taking a Big Five quiz, have a think about how much each of the below sounds true for you.  Their approach goes beyond just thinking about the similarities between friends, considering factors like age, heritage, gender, employment, distance and regularity of contact.

via Pinterest

You see your friendships and see your history of adventures

When you answered my question “who did I talk to most recently,” you probably had to close down the window with your world clock on it. Your friends are spread all over the world, following your random adventures and migrations. Your friends have less in common with each other, and even might be very different in age, employment and location than you. The internet really helps you maintain these relationships because you don’t always see your friends very often.

Being a pro at long distance contact, diversity in your friendship group, and less face-to-face time (rather than FaceTime of which you have plenty) contact, suggests high degrees of openness to experience. You may be liberal and might catch up with your diverse group of friends campaigning for what you believe in.

 Your friends live close to you and you hang out all the time

You and your friends live really close to each other – which is really handy, considering you want to see them most days! You are really similar, especially in age and gender, with similar interests and experience. This suggests that you are probably high on the extraversion scale because you love interacting with them. You are also probably relatively low on the neuroticism scale too. People who are more emotionally stable see their friends really often. (This is totally me!)

You have a small posse whom you love very much but don’t need to see all the time

You keep it tight! You don’t necessarily want or need a big “squad”. You might have a couple of very intimate friendships, who are more often than not people you have known for a long time (you might even be kin!), who live close by and who you see a couple of times a month.

The Big Five suggests that you are likely to be lower on extraversion, which simply means you need less interaction or attention than those who are higher on the extraversion scale. It is also likely that you are less open to new experience or be less agreeable. That just means you know what you like, and aren’t afraid to let people know about it!

Your friends have always been there, blood is thicker than water for you

When you think about your friends, it’s really cool because you’ve known them forever. You hang out lots with your family or with friends you have known for a really long time. They get you and your history and the shared experiences make your friendships so solid. People like you are likely to rate highly on the agreeableness scale.

You love to catch up with your friends but its hard with your workloads

You work really hard, and sometimes catching up is a challenge. Not many of your friends aren’t busy. You hang out mainly with people who identify as the same gender as you and probably some of your relatives. You are likely to be high on the conscientiousness scale.

Of course, personality traits and the factors the researchers considered are only part of what makes your friendships special. Knowing more about ourselves, helps bring out the best in us by developing areas for improvement and embracing your strengths! Let us know which of “The Big Five” you think you are in the comments below. 

Soul Soup over Pringles please – Social Media

“Please, please, please upload! Come on! You CAN DO IT! Yes, yes, yaaaaaaas”, I shouted excitedly at my rather nonplussed laptop screen. It, and the five geckos, seventeen thousand mosquitoes (who had been merely laughing at the mosquito coil and my repellent for the last five hours as they continued to snack on me) and the cat all seemed to be underwhelmed with this performance.

I’d been trying to upload my second last assignment of my Masters for about half an hour, by connecting my somewhat dodgy data on my phone to the laptop. After the frustration, the begging, the pleading it finally managed to connect and upload the assignment.

It got me to thinking how far the internet had come in creating opportunities and connections. As a millennial (lets not say much more about that) I grew up through the Internet’s progression from beeping modem to smartphone. My undergraduate degree was during the painful and not well executed introduction of online learning – an exercise in frustration if there ever was one. Now, I study online, apply for jobs online and connect online. Businesses and communities thrive in the internet’s digital environment.

As an adult, my experiences leaving home have each bought new ways to use technology. My first trip (almost 10 years ago!) to live for the summer beside Uluru, Myspace was still a little bit of a thing, no one I knew had a smartphone and Facebook was just starting to take off in Australia. I could text my friends back home for cheap and call my parents on a regular call. When I left for Sweden the following year, email and Skype were my best friends, with costs for international texts too exorbitant to consider doing. I even sent regular postcards to my folks. When I came to Tonga in 2010, Facebook provided me a great and cheap way to keep up with friends on their walls, but chatting hadn’t really taken off, but I usually used my local phone to text home. Now, I have data on my smartphone that can connect me instantly and cheaply through a number of applications like Viber, Whatsapp and Messenger to friends anywhere in the world, I can share images and links to my hearts delight and make video calls with ease (as long as the internet is cooperating).

Despite all this, the degree to which I have felt connected during these times, has been roughly the same. The quality of the connections we have digitally is not necessarily improving with the technology. Humans are driven for connection, but with the advent of technology that provides us instantaneous connection, we can get cheap thrills without much labour. A quick “like” here, a text there, people can feel like they are connecting to their friends without necessarily engaging at the level at which you would face-to-face, or even through correspondence like letters, where someones handwriting and scent could give you a tangible reminder of their connection to you.

This happens both due to our outputs and inputs online. My social media feed, which I have taken the explicit decision to be a place of positivity only and interesting (admittedly sometimes arcane) articles. I don’t exclude the unpleasant or the sad for the purpose of shaping a stylised life, but in order to reduce the negativity I put out into the internet. But the effect may be the same. Seeing pictures at the beach, the theatre, on holiday, with the occasional funny meme presents into the world a life lived with a sunny disposition. It hides the mundane, dreary or displeasing, for who honestly wants to take a picture or post about these things?  Further, who really wants to see them? I’ve had too many conversations where someones confessed, that they’ve stopped following a friend or acquaintance when their social media becomes too much like reality media. That’s why the clever kids over at Facebook invented the “unfollow”.

Image result for unfollow button image

In terms of our inputs, how often are we actively engaging with our friends online? Mindlessly scrolling through feeds gives you a ill-formed idea of what their life is like, but throwing a lol, a heart or a like in, is easy to “keep in touch”. Similarly, a quick text to say hi, without engaging in a conversation, is like knocking on the door, saying hello and walking away. The drive for human connection is a strong one, and our social media consumption gives us the impression that we are connected, when in fact, we may only be seeing a part of someones life, the highlight reel.

Connection is vital for our physical and mental health. To a certain degree, connection is the way that we have always had our needs filled before those needs were commodified. We needed others for shelter, for food, for warmth and for protection. Now we can sell our labour and purchase housing, food and a comfortable life. For the majority of human history, our family and friends, were co-located nearby and those connections were generally not commodified. This has changed in recent times, with the creators of Facebook, Snapchat etc successfully creating businesses and commodifying human connection, with relatively little backlash from their users, who still believe they are organically connecting. Its unclear to me, at what point social media will encroach too far into our lives, and when we begin to consume this with more consideration.

On the positive side, it creates the possibility to continue to extend the life of our friendships that would have otherwise faded into memory. This takes work still, but the ability to instantaneously contact my girlfriends around the world, glimpsing into their lives. This is most effective where we are able to chat frequently, sharing both the mundane and the special. These times are deeply nourishing, like a rich soup filled with vegetables, warming on a cool winters night.

On the negative, we spend a great deal of energy scrolling mindlessly, fooling ourselves into believing we are connecting. Most of us are indeed just bombarded with articles, memes and updates, where we get snippets of information. This is junk food, quick snacks to get us by between meals of proper conversation and connection. Its Pringles, delicious, addictive and ultimately unsatisfying.

Image result for pringle

Recently I have sought to institute a couple of different techniques to more mindfully consume social media, so that its less Pringle, more soul soup. I mean, like any snacking, its often easier to fall into the readily accessible hit rather than slaving over vegetables to create something more nutritious. But I think, like vegetables, spending the time consuming whats good for me creates the possibility of a better life, in which I’m more connected and ultimately happier.

Some techniques have included:

  1. Using a feed blocker – this means if I think of someone, I normally have to go and consciously look on their social media page, which feels a bit stalkery, so it normally turns into sending a message or reaching out in a different way.
  2. Removing the app on my phone from time to time to break the habit of checking mindlessly. This has the added benefit of focusing more on those whose company I’m currently in.
  3. When opening up social media, sending a message to couple of different people every day to let them know I’m thinking of them.
  4. Setting up group chats – its so much fun to get that blow-by-blow everyday experience of how things are going.
  5. Designing my days where I’m near decent internet to try and get on a video chat.

How do you consume social media? Do you feel its a Pringle in your life? 


*This post was originally published on the awesome-sauce Vinazinean awesome e-mag and app which seeks to connect, empower, and celebrate women. I’ll be publishing there from time to time!*

Picture this: you are working really hard, long hours, doing complex work, and rolling impossible deadlines. Your immediate boss, while nice, does not recognize your significant efforts, and you can tell  you’re moving nowhere fast. Worse still, you feel miserable as you take your commute each day and feel like your big goals are drifting further and further away.

Now picture this: working in a team that is collaborative, aligned with your values and acts as a source of almost (it is still work, after all) constant joy. You have a management team that promotes you within six months. You are operating in that sweet spot of purpose, value, and progression. You might feel stressed, but the work you are doing feels important to you and to others; it is aligned with your big goals, and you feel adequately financially and emotionally recognized for your efforts. You feel empowered to take bigger risks for your own development within this safety net.

Both of these vinas are me, separated by only about six months. I’m going to share how I went from one version of myself to the other.


 cinemagraph watch meerkats GIF

Now, time for real talk. I stayed in my role for far too long. I envisioned how this role was going to provide a stepping stone into the next and how it related to my long-term aspirations. The rational part of my brain helped mask what lay underneath – the fear of the unknown.

For me, upping and leaving a well-paying job early in my career was simply a no-go. This is probably the same for most people. This deterred me from seeking out development opportunities within the company that could help me in the long run.

I received some feedback from a senior leader in my organization; they gently prodded me towards making a change, but fear held me back. It wasn’t until I was a completely burnt-out, crying-in-the-office hot mess that I decided to take action.

My advice is to constantly check in with yourself about your current situation and how it will assist you in developing skills, networks, and experience. Establish a timeframe for achieving those goals, and begin projects inside or outside your role to assist you in leveraging to the next step.


gif, meerkat

The single biggest functional difference between my two roles is that one was directly related to my values, and the other was merely neutral.

Prior to my long overdue temper tantrum, I had recently evaluated my values and identified how they related to my goals. For me, my two biggest values are gender equality and philanthropy. When I looked at my current role, the activities I loved the most were organizing charity events and arranging women’s networking opportunities. Neither of these were appraisable parts of my role; they were add-ons.

So, when my sponsor (see 3) who had just patiently listened to me rant for an embarrassing amount of time asked me, “Well, what do you want to do, and who do you want to work for?,” the answer was obvious. I wanted to keep working in the public sector, but I wanted to focus on policies and programs that would make a positive impact on women’s lives. So, I ask you nicely, “What do you want to do, and who do you want to work for, and why?” 

Identifying your values and relating them to your career will require reflection and honesty with yourself. I started with thinking about a personal motto or brand, if you will. I then identified five core values that drove me and mapped out goals that aligned with each of them. Some of these were personal (i.e. creating greater connections and a sustainable lifestyle), whereas others were career- and purpose-oriented (contributing to a more equal future).


 meerkat GIF

When we are making any change, we need support. No vina should try to go it alone. You need to identify those who have your best interest at heart, and ask them for support.

There are your personal cheerleaders. These people are your best friends, family members, or partner. They know you and can inform you of your best qualities, areas for improvement as well as give you an idea of what would be most fulfilling for the you that they know intimately. I am fortunate to have a supportive partner who is very good at identifying what will and won;t create happiness for me, parents who are tapped into what is anxiety-producing for me, and a number of friends who have similar academic and professional interests as me. They are excellent mirrors with which to check-in with myself.

Then, there are your professional sages. Find mentors that can assist you in making decisions, planning your short- and long-term moves, and connecting you with others. They can also provide you with advice on your professional development or technical skills. I had two powerful women take me under their wings. One was a mentor who provided me with the feedback on areas of improvement and challenged my reasons for staying in my job. The other was a sponsor who actively found me people with whom to discuss my future and recommended me for positions. The dual impact of advice and connection was hugely influential. These women offered themselves to me, something for which I’m very grateful.

The last category is your paid friends. This might not be possible for all vinas, but I would encourage considering this as an option if you are struggling to map out your pathway alone. I had the benefit of three sessions with a professional career coach who assisted  me in mapping out practical steps I could take and identifying areas that she thought were holding me back. Seek out recommendations from those whose opinions you trust, consider online options, and ask questions about what the coach can realistically offer you within your budget.


meerkat jump GIF

It is now essential for you to understand what your value-add is and what you can do to make yourself an attractive candidate. Looking carefully at the position descriptions of the kinds of roles you would like to pursue or speaking directly to those with your “dream job” helps in identifying the skills and experience you need.

This might mean seeking out opportunities within your current role or within a volunteer organization to build said experience. For example, a person wanting to transition from an administrative role to a more creative role should ask for opportunities to work with a creative member of the team on a project. If you would like to take up a leadership role, seek opportunities to show leadership in your current role, but also consider taking on a formal leadership role in a board of a local community group.

For technical or professional skills it might be necessary to consider further education. Be realistic about what you can afford time- and money-wise, and understand how study would impact on you personally and professionally.


The final tip is seeking out opportunities informally and formally. Do not let the lack of a formal application process dissuade you. Meet with as many people as you are able for informational interviews, and reach out to people who are connected for introductions.

Apply for roles, and don’t get stuck in the mindset that you are not 100% qualified. Seek to provide examples of how you fill the requirements creatively by drawing on your experiences from across the board. Community participation and being open to experiences has provided me with a rich array of examples for selection criteria (and just makes for a more fun and fulfilled life).

Look for lateral moves. Lateral moves are great for broadening your skill set and are likely to be more successful, particularly if you are looking to shift from one type of role to another. Understanding what exactly the move is offering you and connecting it to your broader values-based goals will help set expectations about what you want to achieve and how long you want to stay in a particular role.

Take calculated risks. Can you take a sabbatical to pursue an unpaid or lower paying position to develop skills, build networks, and ultimately, take the jump into the next step? Can you take on more responsibility? A key to this is understanding your comfort with risk, your current financial situation, and your appetite for change.

Consider how to keep developing yourself and always strive for growth. Set broad goals for how you would like to present yourself to the world. You don’t have to do everything right away, but you can certainly do it in time.

On fast fashion part two #whomademyclothes

Quite accidentally I posted my most recent post about fast fashion in April, coinciding with a broader campaign  #whomademyclothes run by Fashion Revolution. This campaign inspired in part with the April 2013 Rana Plaza factory collapse in April 2013, which killed over 1100 people. The campaign seeks to highlight the social and environmental impact of the fashion industry, and seeks to engage people on these issues in informing their consumption choices. In 2016 alone, Fashion Revolution reached 195 million people online through its hashtag, and it is currently present in 95 countries.

The Rana Plaza collapse has been called “inevitable”. Bangladesh is the third largest exporter of garments in the world, accounting for about 75% of total exports (Donaghey & Reinecke). Currently the manufacturing industry employs over 4 million Bangladeshis (Reuters) across about four to five thousand garment factories. Eighty percent of 2.5 million garment workers are women who tend to be poor, illiterate and unaware of worker rights in national and international regulation. A great number of these workers are in secondary, less regulated markets in even poorer conditions, that supply larger factories, to whom stricter standards of conduct apply. International enterprises typically contract with larger factories, with little consideration of these smaller markets. This means that fashion is hurting women and the vulnerable most.

The two major responses to the collapse and its backlash, led by a coalition of actors within the global supply chain were the Bangladesh Accord on Fire and Building Safety (“Accord”) and the Alliance for Bangladesh Worker Safety (“Alliance”), also respond to these broader forces. In some ways, these market-led responses were global responses to local solutions, illustrating the positive ways in which market actors seek to address issues within their supply chain.

These were in addition to several other initiatives led, by a range of business, worker and civil society coalitions including the Better Cotton Initiative, the Sustainable Apparel Coalition and the Ethical Trading Initiative, joining other global initiatives such as the Clean Clothes campaign, which seek to raise awareness and standards for those employed by the global garment industry. These civil society initiatives are touted as more democratic, flexible and responsive mechanisms that can supplement government and international regulation and market led initiatives. These seem to have little impact on the behaviour of contracted, and subcontracted factories, despite lip-service paid by international brands to end-consumers.

Thats all well and good, but what can I do?

1. Educate Yourself

Understand the supply chain of your clothing and the environmental and social costs associated with your consumption. Consider reading Slave to Fashion or watching true cost or Fashion Victims.

2. Be realistic about your consumption

As I noted in my previous post, the fashion industry (and capitalism) wants us to consume rather mindlessly to create ongoing consumers and profits. Understanding the difference between needing and wanting, is really important here. Consider doing a shopping fast/ban  like blogger Cait Flanders or the 333 Challenge as a way to kick start your personal shopping revolution. Last year, I focused on only replacing broken essentials (undies, socks, gym/swim gear, shoes, stockings). This year, I’m on a kind of 333 challenge, with a very limited wardrobe whilst on my assignment, where I’ve worked out that I really only need a very limited set of work and casual clothes.

Livia Firth, founder of Eco Age and Green Carpet popularised the #30wears test, wherein she asks at the moment of purchase, think “Will I wear it a minimum of 30 times?” If the answer is yes, then buy the item. If it’s no, then don’t.’


(source FutureFashionMe on Instagram)

3. Consider alternative and better shopping experiences.

There are two main ways to improve our footprint, beyond just reduction. The first is to consider shopping vintage/thrifting/op-shopping. This extends the life-span of used goods. For those clothes you then wear out, consider if there are uses, like rags or art projects that you can get the absolute last thread out of that clothing.

The second, is finding sustainable or ethically produced clothing. The Good on You app provides useful data about the suppliers of clothing. It also provides an opportunity to send messages to your favourite brands encouraging improvements in their supply chain or impact. For someone like me, who’s clothing options can be quite limited already, as most of the suppliers I had previously purchased from have low ratings, this is somewhat of a challenge. Plus sized ethically and sustainably produced clothing that doesn’t look like a sack of shit, is really hard to find. To get around this, I’m increasingly focusing on purchasing from small Etsy sellers, and really limiting the amount of wardrobe growth.

4. Look after your stuff

Basic care and learning skills like mending can extend the life of your clothing. Consider repairing clothing rather than replacing it, and get shoes and handbags re-soled. If you buy quality at the outset, care for it according to directions and have a reasonable skill with a needle and thread, you can increase the lifetime of your purchase.

5. Participate in campaigns and ask for more from suppliers

Fashion Revolution has some suggestions. You might like to participate in the #whomademyclothes campaign as a first start, and send a couple of emails to your favourite suppliers. Demand transparency through the whole supply chain.





On fast fashion

Or Renee and her ever shrinking wardrobe

I’ve always been someone with a lot of clothes and accessories. I am the product in many ways of my beautiful and colourful mother and my equally beautiful carefully coordinated maternal grandmother in this sense, with a love of matching accessories and bright colours and lipsticks. For what I lack of their dark, thick hair and deep brown eyes, I’ve certainly made up for in their love of clothing.

However, over the last few years I’ve become increasingly concerned with the patterns of our clothing purchases, including its implications for workers, the environment and our collective self esteem.

Clothing has through eternity been a signifier of wealth and status. Certain colours and fabrics suggested you were from a particular caste or class. The cut of your clothes could show whether you were likely to be in a field sweltering over crops, or being fed peeled grapes whilst reclining in the shade.

However the degree to which we could produce clothing, prevented accumulation and waste.  The importance of caring and repairing for clothing, is a dying artform. Mass-production is now the norm, with companies offering ’boutique’  handmade clothing as an alternative.  Whereas in history, most normal people “the plebs” would only have what they needed and this would be repaired until it became rags or some other household use, we have gone from having two fashion seasons “spring/summer” and “winter/autumn” to approximately 52 seasons.

52 seasons – once a week – retailers are pumping out supply into stores whilst communicating to us through traditional and social media, that we need to continue to keep up with fashion. The price-points of many of these retailers suggest that this is attainable and desirable for most people to achieve, and that somehow if we don’t participate we are somehow not “most people”. This drive to do retail therapy and be fashion forward is deeply destructive to our sense of self, our debt and our wardrobes.

Too much stuff 

We are increasingly consuming more and more clothing of poor quality, to the detriment of our health and financial well-being.  The garment and textile industry comprises a large part of the global economy, reaching $US3 trillion in 2011 (Marketline). The world now consumes 80 billion new pieces of clothing every year, about a 400 percent increase from 20 years ago, according to “The True Cost.”

There is no coincidence that this increasing supply of fast fashion (which can be extended to the cheap production of household goods and decorations – looking at you stores with ridiculous prices) has coincided with a growing industry of professional organisers, stores full of “storage and organisational solutions” and Kon-Maries. As people seek to be “most people” who can afford to keep up with fashion, they loose the sense of how much they need.

Shipping our problems elsewhere

We are pushing our waste onto others. Individuals amasse such significant amounts of “stuff” which they can either no longer store or organise that they then seek to “do good” and donate it. A common sight is charity bins overflowing onto the street with no regard for the weather or the elements (or the significant cost of disposing that which is now clearly ruined).

Image result for charity bins overflowing

Worse still this fast fashion is loaded up and sold to people in the developing world. These clothes, already poor quality on sale, now second-hand are being sold to the worlds most vulnerable people, with the people in the developed world believing that they have donated it. Neither side of this transaction is ethical. This supply is retarding the continued growth or development of local supplies (with the added benefit of reduced costs/impact of shipping) and local industry that contributes to a growing economy.

Image result for second hand clothes to developing world

Source: WSJ

Whilst the local charitable organisation may not collect it with this intent, the continued supply of clothing provides a market for middle men to buy these donated products and then sell it for sale in the local markets.  Whilst this may provide an option for low cost and sometimes higher quality clothing for those within these contexts, the ongoing supply of cheap and fast fashion just ships the problem elsewhere. A sorter in India remarked to the Wall Street Journal ““I don’t understand why people throw away all these clothes. Maybe they don’t have time to wash them.” Such is the extent of this problem, terms have been developed for the phenomena. In Nigeria second hand clothes are known as kafa ulaya (the clothes of the dead whites) and in Mozambique roupa da calamidade (clothing of the calamity).

The toll of the whole value chain is just too much on individuals and the environment. The fashion industry releases significant amounts of chemicals in the treatment and dyeing of clothing, and this is compounded by doing so in countries where environmental protection is weak or lax, or where the importance of the clothing industry to the local economy overcomes any concerns relating to environmental impact. It impacts the local water supply and reduces air quality.

Image result for fashion pollution

The ready-made garment industry, where multinational enterprise typically seek to arbitrage costs by carefully selecting the location of their manufacturing. There is fierce competition for market share in apparel between developing countries, which often means the reduction of conditions or removal of environmental protections (“Waste Couture”).

(Source: ABC)

So what can a girl do? See my next post ….

Taking action on “first world problem” guilt

Yesterday I listened to one of my favourite Australian podcasts (Straight and Curly, ep 61) on my walk home from work. These ladies are a little piece of home and normality in what can sometimes feel like a quite foreign life from the norm. I used to listen to them on the bus commuting from my townhouse to work in Canberra, and now I am listening to them on the not uneventful walks I sometimes take home (shout-out to my life penguin* who often takes a pooped sweaty Renee home). Like a number of my favourite podcasts, its comforting to be included in what seems to be a great conversation between friends.


They were talking about dealing with an existential crisis, and that it was a luxury to have choice, to be in such a fortunate position as to both strive and to achieve your goals. I was listening to this, as I walked home pot-holey streets, with dogs of various health and viciousness eye-balling me, with rusty cars and kids playing in yards with toys that would have been long discarded back home. Chickens clucked and pigs snorted in the bushes.

As Carly reflected (and I’m hoping I get this sentiment right), there is always a place to check your immense privilege in thinking about the luxury of feeling like you’ve “ticked all the boxes”. Being in a position to think, wow I’ve got it sorted, means that your basic needs are filled and you’ve been able to achieve something freely without too much interference from poverty, structural** or actual violence. Of course this is right. Things are much harder when there are practical or systemic barriers in your way.  Being reflective in setting and going about the achievement of your goals, in the sense of where you can draw strength from, and being grateful is a part of being a decent, humble and not assholey individual.

As I reflected on the conversation, it made me think of the somewhat overused phrase first world problems. Its an attractive concept, because it both allows the sayer to suggest they know that they are relatively privileged on a global scale but doesn’t necessarily mean that they need to do anything about this inequality.

I guess my main issue with using the term without any action attached is that it both separates people into types, and reduces the possibility of developing deeper connections with others whose journeys are different. Think about this:

“Oh I know complaining about not having the latest iPhone is a first world problem, but I really want it”

“Oh I really want a new iPhone, but I’m really concerned with the treatment of labourers in the factories and effect of marketing on overconsumption”

The first, recognises that there are perhaps other more significant problems in the world, but the individual still comes first, and that no further thought really has to go into it. The second thinks more deeply about what the problem is. If we use the term as a way to reflect on our relative privilege and then as a stepping stone to taking action to countering inequality of experience and opportunity, we have the chance to take action, be involved and be part of change for good (however you want to do that).

What I’ve learnt in living and travelling abroad, is that people are more similar than they are different, and using phrases carelessly like first world problems discounts the commonality of the human condition. It creates division, dehumanising the real people that are experiencing a tougher time than you. It doesn’t recognise the strengths of these individuals and communities in creating opportunities for themselves in the face of having not much. First world problems, aren’t just problems in the first world often. People struggle with having a phone dying (read this on the rise of the mobile phone in the developing world if you don’t believe me), their credit run out, the milk going sour, not getting their favourite food or drink (though it might not be a latte, might be any of these top 50, also check out the grocery hauls ). People have awful bosses, silly pets, are clumsy, put their foot in their mouth or stay up late worrying how they are going to pay the bills. The way this looks might be different where you live to where someone else lives but the desire to have a good life, surrounded by love, connected with others, with a roof over your head and some food to eat is universal. Making connections with others on your similarities rather than on your differences leads to a more fulfilled life.



*Penguin – they thrive on land and on the sea, used here to denote people who can help people living/working overseas understand the cultural context that they have arrived in by being able to dip in and out of both contexts. e.g. the ability to explain something that is new and foreign to the newcomer in ways that make some sense in the newcomers language and cultural context.

**Structural violence – a term attributed to academic Galtung, which encompasses the systematic structures that harm or disadvantage people by preventing them to thrive and meet basic needs. It normally includes systemic or instititionalised ageism, classism, sexism, ableism,elitism, nationalism etc.

Taking big leaps and thinking large


I have put my comfortable life on hold. I have put my well-paying and interesting job on hold, left my cosmopolitan Australian city with its vibrant arts and education culture and left my friends, family and husband. I have swapped soy lattes for beaches, stressful deadlines for community change, my new car for a free rickety old bike. The pace is slower, warmer and friendlier. I hear roosters in the morning, and wave to little kids with gleeful abandon. The shops are emptier, the markets bountiful and the roads have way more potholes.

I am currently writing from a Pacific Island, where a tempting offer to work in gender and development for an international organisation for a year has taken me. At thirty, this was a different proposition than the last time I endeavored out, as a fresh graduate at 24. Receiving the offer, was one of those “oh #*$% what have I done?!” and this was a refrain I often repeated as I was gently encouraged along the path to making the decision to uproot myself.

Last year, I did three things that enabled me to step into the void more easily. The first was an exercise in developing value oriented goals with my Diploma of Leadership. What this exercise illuminated for me, was the underlying drivers for me in everything I did were giving back and empowering women to live happy, secure and empowered lives. The second, was doing three sessions with a career counselor, who pushed me to think outside of the box, to define my dream roles and pathways more clearly, and to seek and take up opportunities as they arose. The third, was streamlining my budget and putting effort in paying down debt and saving for the future. This looked like big and small changes. I now practice values based budgeting. I contribute to causes I believe in, invest in me and my husbands’ future and reduce needless consumption. Despite loving clothes, I’m switching to minimising shopping and reducing the size of my wardrobe over time. Where possible I’ve swapped to re-usable alternatives for consumables that are kinder to the environment and also improve the budget over the long term. For me, all three of these steps, was acting according to what I could see in the big picture and developing a stronger sense of the future.


I am a lover of Gretchen Rubin and Elisabeth Craft’s (their podcast is a shared one in my mind) Happier Podcast. I listened to episode 27 where they discussed about how to make decisions. The suggestion was to choose whichever alternative would give you the bigger life. In an article in Forbes, Gretchen further discussed this idea noting:

“People make different decisions about what the “bigger life” would be, but when I ask myself that question, it always helps me see the right answer, for myself.

This list might help answer questions such as:

  • Should I join Facebook?
  • Should I buy a tent?
  • Should I throw a Labor Day party?
  • Should I buy a new kitchen table?
  • Should I sign up for Spanish lessons?

There’s no right answer or wrong answer — only the right answer for me.”

In so many ways, choosing this path has meant more doors will open, more experiences found and knowledge developed in my chosen field. Though it has come at some sacrifice, such as a significant pay cut and a year without my husband, I am positive about the prospects of this choice for my future, as a way to enrich my personal and professional life. It is also aligned with my values driven goals to give back and women’s empowerment. Having my budget and goals clearly connected and articulated, created an enabling environment to approach this decision.


Why I hope Stars Hollow has changed

Women of a certain age, that grew up in the late 1990s and 2000s, are a bit excited on the internet over the last six months or so. Its been a rough year for many, with problematic global trends, continued gender inequality and the inability to get the perfect liquid winged eyeline (just me?).

What has got women excited? The announcement of a mini-season of Gilmore Girls, a return to our favourite fictional town of Stars Hollow. Look up “gilmore girls revival”  and you’ll see over half a million results. Its part nostalgia for a time before smart phones, before the domination of social media, before the global financial crisis, before the refugee crisis. It is part about a return to a family in which people saw parts of themselves, that challenging competition between closeness and frustration that signifies family relationships. Its returning to characters in which we could see ourselves – clever, complicated, bookish, kooky, music-loving, food-loving, DAR attending,  Celine Dion loving, consumers of popular culture, coffee and enormous burgers.

Despite being excited by the revival, I’m nervous. In the original series we saw some deeply problematic issues

Homophobic Jokes



White Privilege and the use of “foreign” characters that use typically racist tropes


  • the lack of diversity
  • the interchanging of foreign maids, their disposability and othering


Oy with the slut shaming


The shift (especially in later series) away from the close relationship between  two females who spent time together, studied and worked hard, to one in which drama around men dominated their conversation. 


  • I wonder about the Bechdel ratings over the seasons
  • I note that the plotlines do centre around female leads in various spheres: the independence/dragonfly, Chilton, Kims Antiques, the dancehall,the editing room.

The problematic use of pregnancy


  • Sookie in the last season and her non-consensual impregnation
  • The shaming of Sheri as a nonconforming -mother

Toxic masculinity and its impact on Luke as a partner


Class privilege and the presentation of the challenges of single mothers in service industries as a lifestyle issue rather than an economic one


Using Paris Geller as an “unnatural woman”


Alternatively, I am looking forward to the show continuing to centre upon women and family, in a way that sometimes feels raw. Families and relationships within them, and I include non-genetic family here, are  complex and a site of conflict, but also deep loyalty and love.

I am hoping that Paris Geller is fighting the good fight and smashing the glass ceiling, using her razor sharp wit and single-mindedness in a career. I hope that she continues to challenge people particularly employees to accept authority from women. I do not want to see a soft, motherly Paris. I don’t want her sparkle to be dented by the world of school pick-ups. I want her pure unadulterated passion. I want her with Doyle in a equal partnership of passion, respect and hard work.

I want Lane to represent working mothers; managing the dual roles that the final season gave her. I want her to go back to school. I want for her a partnership and a family environment that represents a village raising children that facilitates her equal participation in both her passion for music and in her family life without any metaphysical angst about her ”motherhood”.

I want Rory to be single and uncomfortable for her immensely privileged life. She should represent the feeling of most millennial women. We have been given enormous opportunity, but we have also been consumers of gendered products and demonstrations of femininity. We were promised if we worked hard at school and at university we would and could do it all. The transition into work is hard for many, with many having to job-seek for a long time, to have to work in many casual jobs, to not work in our chosen field. For those who are lucky enough to enter their field, fighting against unconscious biases, long hours and constant connectivity. Rory, should not be saved by her family’s wealth.